Jony Ive has called the iPhone 5S the most refined phone, not just rampant technology for technology's sake.
Well here then are the basics
Casing - It is available in 3 metal finishes: "silver, gold and "space grey".
Screen - Four inch Full HD - no suprises there. Apple was hardly going to increase the size.
Processor - Dual-core A7 64 bit chip (primed to make the most out of processor hungry games like Infinity Blade III) Apple is promising "A level of graphics performance that you've never before seen on a mobile device." Plus a new part called the M7 that is a Motion coprocessor. It akes advantage of all the sensors and continuously measures the data coming from the accelerometer, gyroscope, and compass without having to wake up the A7. Could enable a new generation of fitness apps.
Camera - New five-element Apple-designed lens, larger f/2.2 aperture plus a new sensor with a 15% larger active area. New flash that features two LEDs, one a cooler white one and another a warmer one. Also enhanced automatic optimisation of white balance, auto exposure etc. There's also a smart burst mode that means you can in 2 seconds take 20 photos. It also captures HD video at 720p at 120fps and has a slow mo option too.
Fingerprint scanner - Touch ID, so no more need for a password, you just use your finger or even fingers.The system is incoporated into the Home button. You can use your finger to authenticate into your Apple ID.
Battery - It will offer 10 hours of 3G talk time, 10 hours of LTE browsing, 10 hours of Wi-Fi browsing, up to 250 hours of standby.
iOS7 - Big improvements to Siri, it can also now draw on information from wikipedia, inline web search, and great photo search as well. New ringtones and alert options, enhancements to the camera app too. Instead of a flat Camera Roll, your photos can be automatically grouped by moments based on time and location. Moments are grouped by collections, and collections become years, and you can see them all as thumbnails. iTunes Radio now incoporated into the OS. iOS7 is coming on September 18th
Prices - 16GB at $199; 32GB at $299; and 64GB at $399, all with two-year contract.